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Dentistry's main goal is to protect your original teeth and maintain their health for as long as feasible. However, there are instances in which having a tooth extracted (removed) is beneficial for you (or your kid). There are numerous explanations for why this might be the situation. Perhaps you have a tooth that has suffered significant deterioration or injuries, or you have an impacted wisdom tooth that could give you problems in the future. Perhaps your adolescent has crowding or insufficient room for his adult teeth and will shortly receive dental therapy. Or perhaps your younger kid still has a baby tooth that needs to fall out but is doggedly holding on.
In general, tooth extraction is often a routine surgery. The location of the tooth to be extracted and the nature of its roots will determine how simple this little operation is. For instance, extracting a front tooth with a single straight root is simpler than a tooth with many roots. This is especially real if it is a wisdom tooth impacted or hidden beneath the gum line and surrounded by bone. A wisdom tooth is frequently prevented from fully erupting (growing in) by others that are in its path.
However, you don't have to fear in case the skilled hands of our professional dentists do it. Although some people may think otherwise, a tooth is not securely cemented in the surrounding bone. Actually, it is joined to the bone by a network of fibers well-known as the periodontal ligament. These fibers can easily be detached, and the tooth removed delicately.
Reasons for Extracting a Tooth
A tooth extraction may be required for several reasons, as previously noted. Ensure to inquire about the benefits and drawbacks of any dental procedures, including extractions.
- Trauma or disease – There are several treatments to attempt to save the tooth in each of these circumstances. A full-coverage crown or root canal procedure, or maybe both, can be required for the injured tooth. But occasionally, even these techniques may not be sufficient to maintain the tooth's proper function and aesthetics; it may be preferable to remove the tooth and replace it with a sturdy and natural dental implant.
- Orthodontic Treatment - In case there are too many teeth in the dental arches (jaws), a condition known as crowding, teeth are occasionally removed. The remaining teeth can be correctly aligned once sufficient space has been created by removing one or more teeth. The first premolars, which are located near to the eyeteeth (canines), are the teeth that are released for orthodontic purposes the most.
- Impacted Wisdom Teeth - An impacted wisdom tooth should be removed as soon as possible to avoid harming the nearby healthy teeth, bone, gum tissue, nerves, and blood vessels. It is recommended to extract impacted wisdom teeth before its roots have fully developed if it is in a problematic location.
- Baby Teeth - The permanent tooth beneath a baby tooth may not emerge regularly if it is out of place or is not lost in the proper order. In this situation, getting rid of the baby tooth could help you avoid needing orthodontic treatment.
The Process of Extracting a Tooth
Any extraction procedure begins with an x-ray to determine the location of the tooth roots and the health of the surrounding bone. This will make it feasible to foresee any potential issues. To make sure you are fit enough to have the surgery done, a complete medical and medication history is obtained. Your alternatives for anesthetic will also be resolved.
Local anesthetic is typically used during tooth extraction to numb the surrounding bone and gum tissues, as well as the teeth that will be removed. Oral sedatives, which are taken as pills, nitrous oxide, and/or conscious sedation, are some more sedatives that might be used. The latter is typically necessary for extractions of many teeth or those that are more complex. You won't even be aware that the procedure was performed by the time the sedative wears off.
There are precautions made to prevent harm to the bone around your tooth when it is being removed. A tiny quantity of lab-processed bone grafting material may occasionally be inserted into the tooth socket after tooth extraction to preserve the bone volume. This is crucial whether the extraction will be followed by implanting a dental implant, which must fuse to the bone already present, or orthodontics, which gently pushes teeth through bone later.
What to Expect After Tooth Extraction
The socket will be wrapped with sterile gauze right away, and mild pressure will be given for 10 to 20 minutes to stop any bleeding. For this, tiny sutures (stitches) may also be used. Feeling some mild to severe swelling and/or pain after surgery is usual. Most symptoms should be under control if non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications like ibuprofen and/or aspirin are taken the day before surgery. Additionally, antibiotics may be administered to guarantee infection-free recovery. Applying cold packs to the outside of your jaw might also be beneficial and consume softer meals until you feel more at ease. Everything should be back to normal in a few days.